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Solutions Architecture & Development
From design to implementation, we provide custom solutions for all kinds of projects big and small.
Built on next-generation tech
Substrate builds upon the achievements from the major blockchain protocols, and uses the lessons learned to give developers the latest technology to build flexible blockchains.
Not every blockchain is suitable for every network. With Substrate, you can mix and match features to suit your project's needs.
Many component technologies are provided with Substrate. You can swap out any of these components for your own alternative.
The ability to quickly launch the blockchain with Substrate
Substrate framework empowers you to deploy your blockchain in a matter of minutes and optimize it for your custom production needs.
It is possible to create rich user experiences for any Substrate-based chain with Polkadot-JS.
Smart Contract Ready
Substrate has a Wasm smart contract platform that you can use out of the box. Because Substrate uses Wasm, you can build your smart contracts using any compatible language.
Consensus, finality and block voting logic
Even if you're not building a cryptocurrency or even a project that requires a blockchain this is desirable – for free you can get Byzantine Fault Tolerance, so your system will still continue to work correctly even if some of the nodes in it are broken, disabled or malicious.
An efficient, deterministic, sandboxed WebAssembly runtime
It can be used to run smart contracts or even to run other Substrate-based projects. You don't need to use WebAssembly, of course, you can just write your own virtual machine interpreter, but we strongly believe in the benefits of using a WebAssembly runtime and doing so allows you to tap into our work on WebAssembly and the worldwide community of other developers creating tooling for it.
Seamless client updates
Any update that could affect consensus is handled by compiling the code to WebAssembly and deploying it as just another message on the network.
Substrate is part of the large Polkadot project – a system consisting of a main chain and many shard chains with individual logic. These chains, called parachains, form a single organism from synchronized and secure networks. This in turn creates the foundation on which Web3 will be built.
After creating the Solidity programming language and the Ethereum Virtual Machine for Ethereum, Gavin Wood founded Polkadot as a co-founder and CTO. The main reason for the birth of Polkadot is Ethereum's inability to scale.
According to Gavin Wood, co-founder of Ethereum and head of Parity Technologies, Substrate is the fruit of the experience gained during the development of Ethereum, which makes it a very perfect developer tool with a huge range of possibilities.
In Substrate, developers create customized chains for a variety of purposes, for example, Acala Network – DeFi, Phala Network – privacy, Chainlink – oracles, HydraDX – liquidity. The advantage of "connecting" your blockchain to Polkadot is the possibility of on-chain data exchange with other chains and the ability to use their contracts, accounts, tokens without additional software.
The Substrate code is written in Rust. In the Substrate structure, you can feel the great experience of the blockchain team, since all the components are perfectly structured, divided into separate modules, and the code contains detailed comments. Proof of the flexibility of this engine is the existence of a client for the Bitcoin network and ZCash based on the Substrate code.
As far as consensus is concerned, you can choose from several ready-made options or write your own. In most cases, this is PoA or DPoS, which in the case of Substrate means using the Aura and GRANDPA algorithm.
Substrate, unlike Ethereum and EOS, processes transactions using code that is hosted by validators, not users. This code is called “runtime” and is executed by the WebAssembly virtual machine.
Runtime is essentially one large smart contract that is updated by validators and is assembled by the developer from separate modules. Modules contain the logic of accounts, tokens, transactions of any complexity, etc. It is this property that turns Substrate into a constructor. It is quite possible that to solve your problems, you just need to combine several ready-made modules or slightly modify one of them.
Special mention should be made of the custom smart contract modules: WASM and EVM. They enable users to post their smart contracts, so the launch of a universal blockchain on Substrate is also possible.
Restrictions on the launch of transactions are implemented by the runtime developers - you can make all transactions for the same price, take into account resources with bit precision, or make everything free and not use the internal cryptocurrency at all.
In terms of flexibility, runtime has many advantages – the developer can combine them, create complex roles, combine network management, internal logic, and economics. It should only be taken into account that the runtime code is updated by a validator quorum.
There are a number of useful solutions for Substrate: polkascan - a block explorer and a set of JS programs for working with Polkadot and Substrate-based networks.
Substrate does not have a rich selection of universal software, wallets and block explorers like Ethereum or EOS, as the chains can be very different from each other.
Substrate is considered to be the simplest and most advanced framework for creating a blockchain. The advantages of Substrate are the thoughtfulness of the architecture, the development stack (Rust), and a huge field for development. This is an extremely flexible network, on the basis of which you can build solutions of any complexity.The project is actively developing, and many teams in parallel create accompanying software.